Newman’s The Idea of a University advocates his ideas of university education seeking to defend towards obscureantism in education. It offers with the simple ideas regarding the web site of the college, the aim of college training, the qualifications of the university instructors, احسن جامعة فى مصر and the ideals of liberal schooling. Newman also defines information and differentiates among mere gaining knowledge of and understanding.
The primary issues of Newman’s method to present the idea of a university are well known:
• Knowledge is an result in itself, to be pursued for its very own sake and no longer for some utilitarian cost.
• The college is, first and essential, a network of scholars, instructors and students dedicated to the pursuit of fact.
• The middle of the curriculum is the arts which represent the highest attainment of cultivated minds.
From a number of alternative formulations of the equal concept given by means of Newman, we’ve decided on his following statement to outline the college. The University, Newman says,
“… Is the place to which 1000 faculties make a contribution; in which the mind can also appropriately range and speculate, certain to locate its equal in a few antagonist pastime, and its judge within the tribunal of fact. It is an area wherein inquiry is pushed ahead and discoveries validated and perfected, and rashness rendered innocuous, and error uncovered, with the aid of the collision of thoughts with thoughts, and know-how with knowledge.”
Newman does now not define college in a slender feel. Education in a college isn’t always particular however trendy. “a University is not a birthplace of poets or of immortal authors, of founder of schools, leaders of colonies or conquerors of countries.” A university presents possibility to collect information of various branches. In a college, students, prffessors and professionals of varied discilpines collect collectively and change their perspectives, and thus collect ‘knowledge’.
Knowledge which is a pursuit of university is, in step with Newman, a unified complete. It consists of all branches of Knowledge, as Newman says,
“I even have stated that all branches of know-how are related together, because the problem-remember of information is in detail united in itself, as being the acts and the work of the Creator.” (v) However, Newman differentiates among know-how and mere mastering. A single department of knowledge is an insignificant studying. Thus, “all Knowledge is an entire and the separate Sciences parts of 1”. Knowledge can be as compared to tree with some of branches. Different branches of understanding are of equal importance, “They complete, correct, balance each other.”
The college schooling is “Liberal”. Newman says that “the quit of University Education,…[is]… The Liberal or Philosophical Knowledge… Which…Has a very tangible, real, and sufficient give up, even though the end cannot be divided from that expertise itself.”
There are two strategies of Education-philosophical and mechanical. Mechanical training offers preference to education, and objectives at immediate final results of the manner. Its scope is slender.
On the contrary, Philosophical schooling, that’s much broader, denotes liberal schooling which Newman advocates for. It is not characteresid by physical preparation alternatively via the exercising of purpose, thoughts and internal faculty, with the aid of the cultivation of intellect. Thus with the aid of liberal schooling Newman approach the ethical feel or training or the moral vision needed for a person’s personal, social, national and highbrow lifestyles. The function of college education, Newman factors out, is to provide a set of individuals who are literate and cultured, to provide gentlemen who are complete of common feel and who can grasp any state of affairs. Newman’s notions approximately University Education or Liberal Education are anti-utilitarian. His technique is fundamentally in opposition to the Utilitarian view that education or something must have a a type of ‘application’ or usefulness in pragmatic cost that is it must have market value. Thus with the aid of the time period Knowledge, Newman, in an anti-utiliterian manner, approach some thing abstrract, some thing intangible, some thing intellectul. As Newman says,